• Keeping Up with Spectator Demand in the Commercial Stadium

    by Dale L. Swearingen, AIA January 1986

    This article originally appeared in the January 1986 issue of AB with the title, “Spectator Seating: Get Them into the Stadium and out of the Living Room.”


    Old timers say a winning team will fill any stadium, regardless of the comfort, or lack of it, experienced by the spectators. There’s evidence to support this claim, but the growing menu of sports programming on television, which can be viewed in the comfort of one’s living room, is a constant threat to stadium attendance.

  • U.S. Schools Institute Athletics Participation Fees

    by Maria Dennison May 1982

    This article originally appeared in the May 1982 issue of AB with the headline, “What Will ‘Pay for Play’ Do to School Sports?”


    As school boards face ever-shrinking budgets, declining enrollments, taxpayer revolts and increased equipment, transportation and salary costs, interscholastic athletic programs are being threatened with severe reductions. To help pay the cost of keeping school sports alive, many local communities have adopted what have been called “pay for play” programs.